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情感的英汉语言表达对比研究

情感在人类的精神和社会生活中均占据极其重要的位置。人类不仅在心理层面上感觉到喜怒哀乐等,同时还表达着情感。而情感的表达既可以通过非语言的方式(如面红耳赤、血压升高等生理变化以及手舞足蹈等行为手段),亦可借助语言这一人类特有的媒介。诚然,情感并不等同于语言,但语言却可谓是研究人类情感的最佳窗口。近年来兴起的认知语言学认为隐喻(metaphor)不仅是一种语言现象,更重要的是人类的一种认知现象。隐喻不仅存在于语言中,而且也在思维和行为中。我们赖以进行思维和行为的日常概念系统,在本质上也基本是隐喻的。人类的情感丰富多彩,喜、怒、哀、乐等从本质上来说都是抽象的概念。为了生动形象地表达这些情感,人们经常将它们隐喻化。在过去的近二十年中,人们对英语中情感的概念化过程进行了大量研究。研究结果表明,在这一过程中,隐喻和换喻(metonymy)起了重要作用。本文正是在这一背景下,选取了四种基本情感(喜、怒、哀、怕)拟通过英汉语对比研究,验证从英语  (本文共147页) 本文目录 | 阅读全文>>

《中国临床康复》2002年13期
中国临床康复

Analysis of anxious emotion and marine hypertension and related factors

FromAugusttoOctober1997,wefoundanxietycorrelatewithbloodpressureapparently.Sowemakefurtherstudyontherela-tionshipofanxietyandprevalencerateofmarinehypertensionandmarinehypertensionrelatedsusceptiblefactors.1Subjectsandmethod1.1Subjects4201seamenreceivedSASandquestionnaireinquiry,4048caseswerevalid.Allthecasesweremale,averageagewas(23.81±4.32).Allthecasesworknormally1weekbeforeinquirywithoutspecialmissioninfluencesuch...  (本文共2页) 阅读全文>>

《高中生》2005年21期
高中生

emotion情感:触动内心的爱

在2005年这个炎热的夏季,超级女声的舞台上汇聚了人们种种自然流露的情感。选手、评委、主持人、家人、歌迷,都那么真实地表达着自己的想法和情绪,这样的超级情感“炸弹”,自然让亿万观众无法阻挡。在这些情感当中,最动人的是爱。爱自始至终都跟随在超女们身边,让她们时刻超越自我、超越功利。超女们的爱在台上精彩地呈现着,她们因为这种独特的人生体验而成长;妈妈们坐在台下,在如潮的人群中挥动着臂膀,注视着自己的孩子,那是人人皆知的无私母爱;看到好友站...  (本文共1页) 阅读全文>>

《The Journal of China Universities of Posts and Telecommunications》2016年03期
The Journal of China Universities of Posts and Telecommunications

ULM: A user-level model for emotion prediction in social networks

1 IntroductionEmotions play an important role in daily life.For example,users read comments for products before making decisions.Users may not buy products if they read negative comments.This study focuses on emotion prediction.The goal of emotion prediction is to infer target emotions by analyzing existing emotions.Studying emotions could help researchers to have a better understanding of user behaviors.Bollen et al...  (本文共8页) 阅读全文>>

《生物物理学报》2009年S1期
生物物理学报

The Effects of Positive Emotion on Global-Local Processing:An ERP study

Objective: A global-local processing task was adapted to be used in an event- related potential paradigm in order to examine the effects of positive emotion on global-local processing. Methods: Fourteen healthy undergraduates (7 male, 7 female) were served as subjects in the experiment. The experimental materials include emotional pictures and compound letters. The emotional pictures were classified as positive, nega...  (本文共2页) 阅读全文>>

《World Journal of Acupuncture-Moxibustion》1999年02期
World Journal of Acupuncture-Moxibustion

TREATMENT OF HICCUP BY ACUPUNCTURE IN 30 CASES OF MALIGNANT TUMOR PATIENTS AFTER CHEMOTHERAPIES

Chemotherapyisoneofthemaintherapiesofmalignanttumor,butmostchemotherapeuticdrugshavereactionsofgastrointestinaltracttoadifferentextent.Hiccupisoneofthereactionsofgastrointestinaltract,thecontinuedhiccupofteninfluencespatients'emotion,appetiteandsleep,adoptingeffectivetreatment,therefore,isveryimPortant-Theauthorshavetreatedhic-cupcausedbychemotherapiesusingacupunctureatbilateralZusanliandNeiguan,andgotsatis-factoryte...  (本文共3页) 阅读全文>>