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英汉简单完成句对比研究

语义学一般分为词汇语义学和句子语义学。以前对情境类型的研究局限于词汇意义。“体”传统上归属“时”,被认为是一个语法单位,经常与“时”混为一谈。与作为纯语法范畴的“时”相对,“体”现在被视为一个语法-语义单位。对“体”的研究包括视点体和情境体。前者提供观察的角度,后者确定一个情境属何种事件或状态,是句义层面上的范畴。组合性原则的应用把词义研究和句义研究结合起来,为句义研究扩大了范围。本文对比描写了英汉两种语言简单完成情境类句子,其目的是验证动词五分法的有效性,并试图找出两种语言在反映时间性语义特征上的异同。依据双成分理论,本文从四个角度进行了对比:分布,与时间状语的同现,情境体与视点体的互动以及有界性。对比结果表明把动词分为状态类,活动类,成就类,完成类和一次性事件类能够充分描写研究句子内在时间性语义特征。现代语言学的一个重要课题就是对语言普遍性的研究。本文虽仅仅是对英汉两种语言某个侧面的对比描写,然而根据功能类型学的观点,这种研  (本文共44页) 本文目录 | 阅读全文>>

《Journal of Integrative Medicine》2016年06期
Journal of Integrative Medicine

Blistering disease in viewpoint of Avicenna

1IntroductionAccording to traditional Persian medicine(TPM)resources,establishing a balance between quality of organs(hotness,coldness,wetness,dryness)and external factors,including the consumed food,plays a critical role in the health status.Avicenna believed that skin is the most balanced organ in the body.His interpretation is that according to quality perspective,hotness-coldness and wetness-dryness,skin is more ...  (本文共3页) 阅读全文>>

《计算机技术与发展》2006年04期
计算机技术与发展

基于Viewpoint的软件构架描述

0引言随着软件系统的规模越来越庞大、复杂程度越来越高,软件构架在软件开发中的作用也越来越突出。对于大型软件系统而言,软件构架已经成为系统和系统开发的蓝图,指导开发后期的维护和挖掘工作[1]。软件构架描述是软件架构的主要步骤之一,如果表达不明确,再完美的软件构架也毫无用处[2]。对软件构架进行详细、明确和有组织的说明可有助于其他开发人员获取所要的信息,促使开发过程顺利进行。作为软件构架描述的基本单元,视图是对一组系统元素和它们间的关系的表示。视图从不同角度反映了系统的各个侧面。2000年,IEEE 1471标准引用了“View-point”的概念来描述许多系统的通用描述性框架[3]。Viewpoint是起草可重复使用、特定领域体系结构描述标准的工具。它建立了用来创建一个视图的语言或概念用于解释它的约定以及用于视图的任何相关分析方法。每个Viewpoint有其具体的建模目标和系统相关者。与Vie-wpoint相比,视图是一个能描绘整...  (本文共4页) 阅读全文>>

《模糊系统与数学》1989年02期
模糊系统与数学

THE OPERATIONAL VIEWPOINT AND SOME OF ITS CONSEQUENCES: A SHORT REVIEW

0。Introduetion The last few years have brought about a number of critical Pa仇rs on thegoals,foundations,and eurrent development of fuzzy set theory[l,2,4一6,9-12,16,17,19,ZsJ .This seems to indieate that,’eventually,something has gonewrong in the develoPment,interPretation,or aPPlieation of the eoneePt of‘fuzzy set’. As the terminology itself strongly suggests,one would believe由at‘fuzzyset’and‘degree of membershiP’mig...  (本文共10页) 阅读全文>>

《Acta Metallurgica Sinica(English Edition)》1989年01期
Acta Metallurgica Sinica(English Edition)

MICROSTRUCTURAL VARIATION AND FRACTURE MODES IN Al-Li ALLOYS

It 15 known that there 15 a diversity of frac-tures in the family of Al一Li alloys【l一31.Though some deseriPtions were given on in-dividual ease in literature,there 15 a need foraeomPrehensive understanding of the fraeturebehaviour in these materials.The Present Pa-Per inverstigated different fracture modes inAI一Li一Cu一Mg quaternary alloy,whieh aP-Pear 111 various strengths,as an attemPt toelueidate the nature of fractu...  (本文共4页) 阅读全文>>

《Journal of Systems Science and Systems Engineering》1993年01期
Journal of Systems Science and Systems Engineering

Dynamic Revision of Classical Laws in Physics From the Viewpoint of Systems Science

§1.About the Second Newton’S Law F=MAFrom the viewpoint of systems science,F—input(Force is the cause for generating ac-celeration),and A—吣utput(Accelerated motion is the effect of acting force).This is aproportional unit and M is its proportional coefficient.But in practice there is not anytrue proportion—unit,because there is always sorne transition time in it between input andoutput.In other words,causes and effec...  (本文共5页) 阅读全文>>