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会话含义中规则性推理的形式化研究

会话含义是一种本质性的语用现象,也是任何系统的语用研究必不可缺的重要课题。此类现象在普通的会话场合屡见不鲜,在表现形态上呈现出纷繁复杂的多样性,因而一贯被认为是传统语用研究取得突破的难点。本项研究针对的则是会话含义在杂驳的表象下深层的推理机制,宗旨是用形式化的手段揭示会话含义推理过程中的规律。论文的主体以两种最基本的会话含义——一般会话含义(GCI)和特殊会话含义(PCI)为重点,建构了两个模型:一般会话含义推理的缺省逻辑方案(DL_G)和特殊会话含义推理的混合式模型(HMPI),并对两者分别加以刻画。一般会话含义是一种不依赖交际者因素的语句类意义,它的成立并不一定是遵循Grice会话准则的结果。在其表现形式上,一般会话含义往往作为一种标准含义,可以由语句中明示的提示性语词激发,在Levinson的量原则、方式原则和信息原则的作用方式下推得。其中的“一般”体现于不依赖具体的语境因素。但在推理机制上,一般会话含义的突出特点是缺省性  (本文共200页) 本文目录 | 阅读全文>>

《Science in China,Ser.A》1994年11期
Science in China,Ser.A

Default Logic About Assertions

G.Brewka presented a modified default logic (CDL) and obtained some properties of CDL,such as the existence of extensions,semimonotonicity,which the Reiter...  (本文共10页) 阅读全文>>

《China Journal of Accounting Research》2011年Z1期
China Journal of Accounting Research

Top management turnover and firm default risk:Evidence from the Chinese securities market

China has moved rapidly from a socialist planned economy to a market economy.As a result,many enterprises in China are seeking talented top management to increase their performance and decrease their default risk.Studies abound regarding top management turnover and its relationship with firm performance,however,...  (本文共9页) 阅读全文>>

《廊坊师范学院学报》2002年04期
廊坊师范学院学报

对“default pathway”译法的一点建议

对于“default pathway...  (本文共1页) 阅读全文>>

《Journal of Computer Science and Technology》2001年04期
Journal of Computer Science and Technology

Constraints on Extensions of a Default Theory

In this paper, the representability of a family of theories as the set of extensions of a default theory is studied. First, a new necessary condition is given for the representability by means of gener...  (本文共12页) 阅读全文>>

《Chinese Physics B》2020年03期
Chinese Physics B

Erratum to “Indium doping effect on properties of ZnO nanoparticles synthesized by sol-gel method”

Figure 2 in our original paper [Chin. Phys. B 28 04770...  (本文共1页) 阅读全文>>