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a priori

[拉]先验的 (本文共6字) 阅读全文>>

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桑木严翼对a priori的解析

重庆理工大学学报(社会科学)
重庆理工大学学报(社会科学)

纵览康德哲学在中、日两国的传播和接受过程,可以发现,学界在“先天”(a priori)概念的理解和翻译上分歧很大,就中译名来说就多达12种[1],如郑昕曾经将a priori译为“迹先”[2],韦卓民在其所译的《纯粹理性批判》中将a priori译为“验前”[3],张东荪将其译为“事先”[4]。国内目前普遍采用了“先天”这个译名来翻译a priori[5],而当今日本学界却普遍将其译为“先验的”[6]。对于一个概念的译名分歧如此之大,足以证明学界对此概念的认识和理解上存在很大分歧。那么,究竟该如何来正确理解康德哲学中的a pri-ori概念呢?毫无疑问,要正确理解一个概念必须得全面考虑与此概念相关的方方面面的因素。笔者发现,迄今为止,对这个概念认识最深刻、最全面的当属日本学者桑木严翼。一、桑木严翼与《康德与现代之哲学》桑木严翼是日本著名的新康德主义者,其哲学思想主要来源于康德和新康德主义,他生前曾积极地参与哲学启蒙活动和民主运动... (本文共6页) 阅读全文>>

Use of Total Precipitable Water Classification of A Priori Error and Quality Control in Atmospheric Temperature and Water Vapor Sounding Retrieval

Advances in Atmospheric Sciences
Advances in Atmospheric Sciences

1. Introduction Atmospheric temperature and water vapor sound- ings from routinely observed satellite measurements both over land and ocean are critical in numerical weather prediction, as well as in other scientific re- searches. Given the importance of atmospheric sound- ing data, several multispectral and hyperspectral in- frared (IR) instruments, such as the High-Resolution Infrared Sounder (HIRS), the Atmospheri... (本文共11页) 阅读全文>>

Maximum Likelihood A Priori Knowledge Interpolation-Based Handset Mismatch Compensation for Robust Speaker Identification

Tsinghua Science and Technology
Tsinghua Science and Technology

Introduction Speaker identification systems in the public telephone switched network (PTSN) need to be robust to the dis- tortions of different handsets. Moreover, the character- istics of the handset and speaker are usually tightly mixed or coupled together. Separation of these charac- teristics is essentially a difficult one-to-many mapping problem unless a priori knowledge about the handset is available. However, ... (本文共5页) 阅读全文>>